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Mineral Library

Mineral Library Complete List of Minerals

Complete Mineral LibraryThe Mineral Library contains minerals discovered before 1959 that did not go through the official naming procedure, in addition some minerals published previously have been either confirmed or discredited since that date. This Mineral Library list contains a mixture of mineral names that have been approved since 1959 and those mineral names believed to still refer to valid mineral species (these are called “grandfathered” species). Every year approximately 50 new mineral species are officially approved by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) from the International Mineralogical Association. Rocks and Minerals Trader Mineral Library Mineral List is a compilation of approximately all 4,000 mineral Names.

The Mineral Library list is divided into alphabetical groups

Minerals by Name:



Minerals are also sorted into classes using chemisty

Minerals by Class:


Class: Consisting of:
Carbonates: The Carbonates, the Nitrates and the Borates
Elements: The Metals and their alloys and the Nonmetals
Halides: The Fluorides, the Chlorides and the Iodides
Oxides: The Oxides and the Hydroxides
The Phosphates, the Arsenates, the Vanadates and the Antimonates
Silicates: The Silicates (the largest class)
Sulfates: The Sulfates, the Sulfites, the Chromates, the Molybdates, the Selenates, the Selenites, the Tellurates, the Tellurites and the Tungstates
(or the Wolframates)
Sulfides: The Sulfides, the Selenides, the Tellurides, the Arsenides, the Antimonides, the Bismuthinides and the Sulfosalts

Amethyst Mineral Library

What is Mineralogy

Mineralogy is a branch of Geology focusing on the study of minerals. A mineral is a naturally occurring, homogeneous solid with a definite chemical composition and a highly ordered atomic structure. A homogeneous substance is one that can be divided into repeating units that are exactly the same. A mineral, by definition, cannot be a liquid or a gas. The chemical composition of a mineral is definite, meaning a particular mineral is always composed of the same ratio of elements, and this composition can be shown using chemical formulas. Atoms minerals are situated in an extremely ordered way, known as a crystal lattice structure.

History of Mineral Use

Minerals have been an important part of culture since prehistoric man. Early humans carved tools out of minerals such as quartz. Pottery has been made of different clays for thousands of years. Sodium chloride, also known as the mineral Halite, has been used for food preservation techniques for millions of years. Mining of useful minerals out of ores became widespread hundreds of years ago, and is still used today.

Reference Book: Klein, C. The Manual of Mineral Science.22nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002.

Rocks and Minerals Trader Mineral Library

If You feel there is a mineral missing from the Rocks and Minerals Trader Mineral Library, please email us at info at rocksandmineralstrader dot com.

3 Responses to “Mineral Library”

  1. Melody Sanders on July 11, 2014 @ 1:00 pm

    I am looking for a place to sell my mineral collection, but first I need to classify some of it.


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